Listed below are informative plastic surgery articles for patients and consumers. These articles include information on types of cosmetic surgeries, treatments, information needed to plan your surgery, and recovery.

Just Released Top 5 Cosmetic Surgical Procedures 2018

People are often conflicted when trying to decide what cosmetic procedure will give them the results they need to achieve their goals. In the United States the ASPS has reported on the top procedures. The ASPS American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery reported that the top five procedures in 2018 were:

  1. Breast augmentation — 313,735 procedures.
  2. Liposuction — 258,558 procedures.
  3. Nose reshaping — 213,780 procedures.
  4. Eyelid surgery — 206,529 procedures.
  5. Tummy tuck — 130,081 procedures.

While breast augmentation and liposuction rose by 4 and 5 percent respectively from 2017, there was a slight decrease in facial procedures.

The number of minimally invasive cosmetic procedures also increased in 2018. The three most popular procedures were Botulinum toxin type A (Botox), soft tissue fillers, and chemical peels, which were up by 3, 2, and 1 percent respectively from 2017.

The focus is on the body

Data from the ASPS show that three of the top five surgical procedures in 2018 focused on the body. The number of liposuction procedures increased by more than 12,000, while surgeons performed more than 13,000 additional breast augmentations.

The slight reduction in the number of people having the most popular facial procedures is likely to be due to the availability of alternative options, such as nonsurgical nose reshaping and eyelid puffiness improvement. In addition, it is now possible for surgeons to perform specialized procedures for different areas of the face and neck without doing a full facelift.

“With liposuction, one treatment may be all you need to reshape problem areas. A plastic surgeon can treat more areas — and larger areas — in one procedure.”

“Liposuction also provides a more consistent and predictable result than noninvasive treatments, but new nonsurgical fat reduction machinery continues to evolve and play a role in reshaping areas of the body.”

The American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery recommended that people who are interested in undergoing cosmetic surgery carefully consider training, education, experience, and demonstrated practice history when selecting a provider.

A board-certified plastic surgeon can help a person explore all the available options and choose the best one, which will often include a combination of surgical and nonsurgical procedures.

“Board-certified plastic surgeons take into account each patient’s specific objective and anatomy to come up with the best course of action to achieve the natural look they want.” Dr Han is a Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon.

3 Common Myths About Tummy Tuck Procedures

Andrea Avery
Health Articles | February 4, 2012

The function of this article is to discuss tummy tuck procedures. Specifically, tummy tuck procedure facts versus fiction will be elaborated on.

Are you or someone you know thinking about getting abdominoplasty? Are you hesitant to have the procedure done because of what you have heard or read about the surgery? If you are, then rest assured that it is completely normal to have reservations about any cosmetic procedure, including abdominoplasty. Due to the fact that this procedure is considered a major surgery, it is wise to let your fears guide you into doing as much due diligence as you possibly can, that is researching the procedure and engaging in a dialogue with your potential surgeon, in an effort to calm your fears. In other words, you shouldn’t allow your fears to paralyze you from doing something that you really want and will help restore your sense of self confidence in your appearance.

The first common myth about tummy tuck procedures that you should ignore is that they are only designed for women. While it is true that women are primarily the recipients of abdominoplasty, as more and more men go under the knife, they are opting for this procedure as well. Even more importantly, the procedure is not designed specifically for women. It is designed to eliminate excess skin on the abdomen, which both genders can experience.

Another common myth about tummy tuck procedures is that they are designed as an alternative for weight loss. As previously mentioned, the purpose of abdominoplasty is to remove excess skin. It is however, ideal for anyone who has lost weight already, either a significant or small amount, and would like to have excess skin removed. In other words, the surgery does not remove fat, only skin.

The third common myth about tummy tuck procedures is that all plastic surgeons can perform the surgery. Not all plastic surgeons are created equal. As a result of such, patients should be careful to investigate whether or not a potential surgeon is indeed credentialed, that is accredited and/or certified, to perform an abdominoplasty.

Making the decision to go under the knife for a cosmetic procedure should never be taken lightly. This is true regardless of the magnitude of the surgery, although major surgeries such as abdominoplasty should warrant careful thought and consideration. However, one should be particularly cognizant of the source of their information, especially when giving weight to said information in their decision making process. In order to accomplish this, you should and must do your own homework in finding out the truth, as doing so will enable you to decipher myths from facts. Specifically, there are three common myths about tummy tuck procedures that you should ignore, they include; they are only designed for women , they are designed as an alternative for weight loss and all plastic surgeons can perform the surgery.

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Botox – How to Turn the Clock Backwards

Andrew Stratton
Health Articles | March 26, 2012

Botox is a safe and effective treatment that is used every day by ordinary people. If you believe you’d be happier with a more refreshed, youthful appearance, then you ought to check out the use of Botox.

Wouldn’t you love to be young again? Well, it may not be possible to completely turn the clock back, but it is possible to appear as if you had. Botox is growing in popularity every day and can be done in the convenience of your doctor’s office with relatively little or no pain. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved its use as a cosmetic treatment in 2002, but it’s been used to treat other medical conditions since 1989.

Lots of things we never think about take their toll on our facial appearance every day – emotions, for example. Too much sunlight on a daily basis or even sleeping on your side can form these wrinkles as well. Sadness caused by chronic depression, laughter – even though it’s good for the heart it can form wrinkles called laugh lines. But I’m not suggesting you never laugh again!

I know. I’m painting a fairly sad picture here but there is help.

Botox is a safe and effective treatment and every year there are improvements in how it is administered to people just like you. People who just want to look younger and more refreshed. I know you would agree those are two very good reasons to consider having this procedure done.

Botox is actually botulinum toxin, which is a protein. How it works is by using a very small, diluted amount of botulinum toxin that is injected under the skin. It is also used for other treatments other than cosmetically. It helps alleviate such medical woes as excessive sweating, chronic pain, migraines, enlarged prostates and overactive bladders. It really is a marvelous discovery!

But you might wonder how it really works.

Well, muscles contract or pull together and the toxin helps them relax by blocking nerve impulses. This causes the muscles to soften and flatten out as well. In the case of the cosmetic use, the treatment effects may last up to six months before re-treatment is necessary.

Remember when I told you it’s done with injections? It’s almost painless because a very fine needle is used and anesthesia isn’t even needed. It only takes a couple of minutes to perform the treatment. Men generally need a higher dose of Botox than women do. The powers that know about such things believe this is due to the greater muscle mass in men versus women.

There may be some side effects, but these are usually temporary. Be sure to speak with your doctor if you experience any negative side effects after your treatment. Overall , Botox is a safe and effective way to turn the clock back and regain your youthful appearance.

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Body Contouring After Weight-Loss

Arlington Heights, Ill. – Body contouring after weight-loss (bariatric) surgery produces long-term gains in several aspects of quality of life, reports the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery©, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

“The study indicates a sustained quality of life improvement in post-bariatric patients after body contouring surgery,” concludes the study led by Dr. Eva S.J. van der Beek of University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands. “This suggests the importance of including reconstructive surgery as a component in the multidisciplinary approach in the surgical treatment of morbid obesity,” Dr. van der Beek said.

Improved Quality of Life after Body Contouring Surgery
The researchers evaluated quality-of-life assessments in 33 patients who underwent body contouring after bariatric surgery. Body contouring refers to various plastic surgery procedures done to remove excess fat and skin after massive weight loss.

The most common procedures were abdominoplasty (“tummy tuck”) and operations on the breasts. Through an average of seven years after body contouring, the patients repeatedly completed a standard questionnaire evaluating obesity’s impact on quality of life.

The results showed “mostly moderate to large, sustained improvement” in quality of life in the years after body contouring. Scores improved in six out of seven quality-of-life domains, including physical functioning and appearance, mental well-being, social acceptance, intimacy and social network.

Some domains showed a small decrease between four and seven years’ follow-up. In general, quality-of-life scores were lower for patients who regained weight after their body contouring surgery.

Overall, 55 percent of patients were very satisfied with their results. All but one patient said they would undergo body contouring again, and considered it “an inevitable step to improve daily quality of life.” About one-fourth of patients had further body contouring surgery-another 30 percent said they would do so if their insurance covered it.

Bariatric surgery produces sustained weight loss in patients with severe obesity. However, more than two-thirds of patients with massive weight loss are left with loose or overhanging skin. This may lead to decreased satisfaction with the results of bariatric surgery, as well as psychological, social and physical problems.

Previous studies have shown that body contouring improves quality of life after bariatric surgery, but the long-term benefits are unclear. “There is an ongoing debate if body contouring surgery is an optional or essential step after massive weight loss in the treatment of morbid obesity,” Dr. van der Beek and coauthors write.

The new study shows significant and lasting improvements in quality of life for patients who have body contouring after bariatric surgery. “This suggests the importance of including reconstructive surgery as a component in the multidisciplinary approach in the surgical treatment of morbid obesity,” the researchers write. They call for further study of the long-term benefits of body contouring-including possible reasons for the decrease in quality-of-life scores a few years after surgery.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery© is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Body Lift Surgery

When Dr. Han performs a Body Lift procedure he is smoothing and tightening the skin and underlying tissue. The procedure addresses and removes unwanted pockets of fat and eliminates loose skin. The most common reason for a body lift is not aging but rather skin that cannot conform to the body contours because of lost weight or poor elasticity of the after weight loss. Many people think they need a tummy tuck when in fact the procedure they would benefit the most is a body lift. Usually during a body lift liposuction is required to remove additional fat were there appears to be a great deal of excess skin.

During a Body Lift procedure the excess skin created by stretching the skin when the weight is put on is left after the loss and hangs this skin has to be excised or cut away. This allows Dr. Han to reshape the contours of the body by reducing the fat and lifting and tightening, smoothing and reducing the overlying skin.

Another benefit is the reduction of stretch marks and cellulite. When the skin that is to be excised contains stretch marks and cellulite often this is excised and smoothed. This is a delightful benefit for most patients that have stretch marks and the results may be beyond their expectations.

The same is true of a tummy tuck, mini tummy tuck or a full body lift.

Cellulite is a skin tissue. Many patients think this is fat beneath the skin. Cellulite is the tethering bands of connective tissue. This is responsible for the look known as cellulite. It is due to the skin that is allowing the fatty layer beneath to bulge through. Since cellulite occurs more often in women, many doctors believe that estrogen plays a role in the development of cellulite. For this reason if a patient thinks they have cellulite but if when the skin is lifted it goes away it was a manifestation of skin laxity. A body lift can help to make the skin smoother.

The huge benefit of a body lift is the result is permanent!

Body Lift

With the rise of bariatric surgery and extreme weight loss, body lift surgery is more in demand. Body lift surgery is meant to address loose, hanging skin that exists as a result of massive weight loss, pregnancy, or age and sun damage.

The procedure raises, firms, and tightens the skin of the thighs, buAocks, hips (flanks), groin, waist, and abdomen. Also known as a lower body lift or belt lipectomy — so named because the incisions encircle the body like a belt, excess skin is removed and the surrounding tissue repositioned to create a more youthful and pleasing body contour.

The Best Candidates for a Body Lift

Body lifts are usually performed on those with large amounts of loose, hanging skin in multiple areas on the trunk and legs. Its goal is to return the body to a more normal appearance after loss of skin elasticity due to extreme weight loss or age-related changes.

What a body lift cannot do is remove significant fat deposits. Your weight should be stabilized at or near your ideal weight before considering a body lift. In cases where there are small local fat deposits but skin elasticity is poor, your surgeon may recommend a combination of liposuction and body lift surgery.

The best candidates for a body lift are non-smokers who are in generally good health and maintain a stable weight through a commitment to a healthy diet and lifestyle. It is also important for the patient to have a positive outlook and realistic expectations about the outcome.

Women considering pregnancy should hold off on having a body lift, as subsequent pregnancy may significantly compromise results in the abdominal area.

Before Your Procedure

During your initial consultation, be prepared to discuss whether a body lift is a right treatment for you. Dr Han will not just evaluate your general health, but also examine and measure your body. The two of you will also discuss the outcomes of the body lift and the complications. You will want to have a list of questions ready for the Doctor.

Make sure to make arrangements for transportation to and from the medical facility, as well as to have someone with you for at least 24 hours after you return home.

Recovery and Downtime

After surgery, you will be taken to a recovery area where you will be monitored by surgical staff. Although body lifts may in some cases be performed on an outpatient basis, many require an overnight hospital stay. At the very least, you will be required to have someone stay with you for the first 24 hours.

Most patients can return to non-strenuous work after 2 to 3 weeks. Strenuous work or exercise should not be resumed until at least 4 to 6 weeks have passed. It is important that your incisions are not subjected to excessive force, abrasion, or motion during this time.

As with all surgery, it is important to understand that these guidelines can vary widely based on the patient’s personal health, the techniques used, and other variable factors surrounding the surgery. Any severe pain should be reported to Dr Han.

Please read the information on this website About the Doctor for more detailed information on Dr. Han’s education and experience.

Breast Augmentation is Popular

Is popularly done through the inframammary (breast fold) / peri areolar (along the junction of the black portion of the nipple with the skin) approach which leave scars on the breast. The Transaxillary Videoendoscopic Breast Augmentation is a technique of breast enlargement where silicone breast implants are placed through an incision in the arm pit. Most patients and their partners prefer the armpit incision because it:

1) Avoids scars on the breast: Most patients do not desire to have a scars on the breast, no matter how inconspicuous the scars are. This technique leaves the breast aesthetically intact.

2) Avoids cutting through the breast tissue when placing the breast implants underneath the muscle.

3) The armpit scar heals well. Since the armpits normally remain concealed, the scars are highly inconspicuous, even if they do not heal properly

In addition, patients who have not had a pregnancy or whose areola is small may not be able to have a periareolar approach for the breast augmentation. Endoscopic transaxillary breast augmentation is ideal for these patients.

The incision is about 5 – 5.5 cms, well hidden in the depth of the armpit. When the incision heals, it is barely noticeable. A videoendoscope allows the entire breast augmentation procedure to be visualized on a television monitor, while carefully developing the pocket for the implant. As a result the surgeon has total control of the operation and there is no blind dissection of the tissues. The fold below the breast (inframammary fold) as well as the medial aspect of the pocket (the cleavage area) can be defined precisely. The technique allows the placement of the implants below or above the chest muscle. With the visual guidance of the endoscope, the implants can be placed precisely in the proper position.

As in all breast augmentation procedures, the operation is performed under general anesthesia. The breast augmentation procedure takes approximately 1-1.5 hours. Patients remain in the recovery for about 2-3 hours after surgery until they are fully awake. Pain with breast augmentation surgery varies from patient to patient but normally lasts 3 to 5 days and is well controlled with pain relief medications. The pain is usually related to the placement of the implants underneath the muscle whether this is done through the armpit, periareolar or crease incision. Thus, the armpit incision is no more painful than the other incisions.

Post operatively the armpit should be washed once a day and antibiotic ointment applied. The stitches dissolve on their own. Deodorant can be used in 2 days. Shaving can be resumed in 2 days with care.

The armpit incision is barely seen and blends in with the natural creases of the armpit. Many patients believe that it heals better than the periareolar or crease incision. If a second surgery is necessary to adjust an implant, replace a leaking implant or correct a capsular contracture, this can be done through the original armpit incision. In rare or severe cases, a separate incision on the breast may have to be performed.

One of the potential drawbacks of the transaxillary incision often cited in literature is the risk of less than perfect placement of the implants. This is attributed to the surgeon working further away from the actual surgical destination, leaving more possibility for error. However, when a surgeon is trained and experienced with the transaxillary technique, the risk of error in implant placement is very low.

Not every plastic surgeon performs the armpit incision for breast enhancement. Transaxillary breast augmentation requires special training, instrumentation and expertise. Your plastic surgeon should be able to perform breast implants through a variety of incisions including the armpit, periareolar or crease incision to give you the most options and can recommend what is best for you, at the end of the procedure; it is you, who has a scar less breast.

Breast Augmentation and Self Esteem

There are many reasons why a woman decides to get a breast augmentation. Some want to get their pre-pregnancy breasts back. Others just want their breasts to have volume. Some want to correct a natural “deformities,” others just want bigger breasts, period! All of these women want their breast to be more in proportion to the rest of their body, something that is important whether clothes are on or off. Whatever the reason, women often find it isn’t just their physical appearance that changes with a breast augmentation, but their confidence.

They may be referred to as “curvy” like a celebrity. Hollywood starlets admit they have used plastic surgery to enhance their bustline and to make changes in other features. Breast augmentation is common in today’s world. It is no longer considered a plastic surgery procedure that has to be kept secret. Many women feel more confident changing their look. Dr Han has done hundreds of breast augmentations! He can attest that “breast implants can be incredibly positive to a woman’s self-esteem.”

Dr Han is a board-certified plastic surgeon in Cincinnati, OH. Most of his clients are women. He sees first-hand the impact the procedure can have on a woman’s self-esteem and confidence. Dr Han says many times it begins with helping to make clothing fit better. “I think how a woman’s clothes fit makes a big difference in how they feel.”

Dr Han maintains his clients are most satisfied with breast surgery. Albeit breast augmentation or breast reduction. It usually starts with wanting to look better and to feel better in their clothing. It isn’t about wanting large breasts that will draw attention. It is about a boost in body image. Florida researchers at the University of Florida questioned 84 women before and after having breast implants. According to reports, the results showed a sharp spike in self-esteem after surgery. 80 percent of the women reported feeling more confident and attractive after getting a breast augmentation operation.

Breast Augmentation Implant Options

Some patients are not aware that there are options when determining what type of implant you may want to consider. Typically there are three different implants available: saline, silicone and cohesive silicone gel. When thinking about the options patients usually have the most questions about silicone options. We will give the patient input about all of the options.


Saline implants are the most commonly used in breast augmentation surgeries. They are the most cost effective and offer more options in regard to placement and insertion this means the patient has more control over where here incisions and subsequent scars will be placed.

Saline itself is a solution that mimics the naturally occurring fluid in the human body, so it is safety has been confirmed through testing and is proven to give a good result over the years.

Silicone Gel

Silicone Gel was removed from the market in the 1990s due to health hazards and implications were never proven. Regardless of the research completed to debunk the allegations the reputations of silicone was tarnished. However, the rise in the cosmetic surgery and the advances in medical technology have breathed new life into the world of silicone implants. It has given us a new form of silicone altogether, as well as an improved and efficient material over the original implant.

Though the safety of the original for of silicone implant is without question today, the new variety offers and improved look and feel over the implants of yesteryear. The silicone breast is more expensive, but maintains superiority due to their durability, natural looking results and provision of its similarity to the feel and movement of real breast tissue.

Cohesive Silicone Gel

Recently this option was released for use by the FDA. This implant made of cohesive gel or the gummy bear implant is the evidence of just how far silicone implants have really come. This type of implant is not made from liquid or solid, but resembles the consistency of the nickname, a gummy bear. The gummy bear offers patients who still harbor uncertainties regarding the silicone a way to still enjoy its many benefits. Extra durable, cohesive gel does not leak but rather splits slightly in the event of injury or trauma, and doesn’t release any of the material into the body making this a very popular option.

Technology and the tireless research of those in the fiend of cosmetic surgery have ensured breast augmentation to be about the safest invasive surgeries available. With a satisfaction rate topping out at 97%, this type of enhancement offers variations and customizations that make its versatility an attractive aspect for a wide range of patients.

Breast Implants: Bigger isn’t always the Best

Andrea Avery
Health Articles | July 18, 2012

Breast implants can come in a variety of sizes based on the cubic centimeters of saline or silicon they are filled to. Many women are opting for minimal implant size because they simply want to regain youthful volume not attention grabbing obstacles to their lifestyle. They don’t want their breast implants to cause any changes to their lives; they simply want the enhancement.

It may be hard to believe that someone would choose just enough instead of too much in a society where bigger is seen as better, especially when it comes to breast implants. For many women, their motto is that “if I’m going to get implants I might as well go big.” Then there are the other women who would like to have the breast augmentation enhancement performed but they don’t want a lot of attention to go along with their new chest. The more modest look isn’t for everyone, so some careful weighing of the options, the look she wants now and down the road, should be considered before moving forward. But for the woman who knows that they want to go with the smaller option, she understands that smaller breast implants will improve the shape, height and augment the size without becoming the focal point of her appearance.

There are a variety of breast implants sizes, even amongst the smallest options. From the smallest to the safest large option patients can choose from 125 cubic centimeters all the way up to 1200 cubic centimeters. Depending upon how much mammary tissue the patient has to begin with it will determine the volume to which the saline or silicone implants will be filled in order to produce the more natural looking enhancement that she seeks. Upon examining her body shape and overall frame, the plastic surgeon can help her determine the room she has in implant volume in order to maintain a naturally fuller look without exceeding what would look conservative on her frame.

Women who set out to get smaller breast implants and don’t succumb to pressures to receive larger implants tend to be satisfied long term with their decision. Smaller implants produce a more youthful perk and naturally fuller appearance. When patients just want to fit their clothing like they used to or fill out their summer ensembles a little better or even return to the size they were in youth, they can find those results with a more modest implant size/volume.

There are many benefits to opting for the small breast implants rather than the larger show-stopping implants that majority of patients opt for. These women can continue with their sports and other hobbies because their new breasts are less intrusive to movement. There are more clothing options because of the modest proportions of the smaller implants. And last but not least , she gets to avoid the obviousness of larger implants and any unwanted attention because she didn’t get them for anyone but herself.

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Breast Reduction

Breast reduction is a very popular procedure. While breast augmentation is one of the most popular cosmetic surgeries available today, many women have the opposite desire and are seeking a reduction to enhance their lifestyle and reduce back pain.

Breast reduction surgery has become a popular elective procedure among many women for a variety of reasons. Some women have an excessive amount of breast tissue and find it interferes with their exercise routine, lifestyle, or places an undue amount of stress on their back, leading to pain and fatigue. These women find significant relief with breast reduction surgery that virtually eliminates these problems and leaves them with a figure-flattering chest size.

A great many women enter their plastic surgeon’s office with the exact opposite problem. In fact, many women would be envious of their neighbor that complains about having too much breast tissue when they feel their own chest is sorely lacking. However, women seeking breast reduction find just as much improvement in their self-esteem and overall self-images as those seeking augmentation. In many cases, reduction surgery allows the woman to finally pursue the active lifestyle she desires without being hampered by nagging back pain.

Breast reduction is an invasive surgery and comes with a significant set of risks and side effects that are common with many cosmetic procedures. The use of general anesthesia is a risk in and of itself as it can cause negative reaction in some people that are genetically inclined. Depending on the skill, experience, education, and training of your surgeon, other risks may include excessive bleeding, clot formation, hematoma or seroma formation, wound separation, asymmetry, delayed healing, or excessive scar formation. Almost all of the risks can be reduced or eliminated by choosing a physician that is board-certified and has at least five years of experience in the type of procedure you are interested in. Be sure to check the credentials and affiliations of your doctor and don’t choose to save money by going with a surgeon that is a little cheaper because he is a little less experience. A little experience goes a long way to assuring you are happy with the procedure for years to come.

Breast reduction surgery involves a variety of steps including incision placement and tissue removal. Depending on how large your chest is before the operation and how much you want to move, remove, or lift, the surgeon will determine a personalized and customized plan for your operation. He or she will walk you through the steps of the procedure and ensure you understand pre- and post-operative instructions before proceeding. Be sure to voice any concerns or questions you may have at this time. This will help ensure you achieve the results most consistent with your expectations.

If you think this type of cosmetic procedure is right for you , contact Dr. Han. He is a board certified plastic surgeon. He will be more than happy to outline your options and work with you to come up with a surgical plan that is tailored to fit your cosmetic enhancement needs. Results will be immediate and you should experience significant back relief after your breast reduction.

Breast Reconstruction

Abigail Aaronson
Health Articles | July 19, 2012

A breast reconstruction procedure is performed to restore the size, shape, and appearance of a woman’s breast following a mastectomy procedure. A reputable center that provides restorative breast surgery can provide options for women seeking the most advanced methods of restorative breast procedures.

A woman may experience many psychological and emotional adjustments following a breast cancer surgical procedure. Following cancer surgery, you can opt for a highly individualized procedure to restore your breasts that will involve you making many important decisions. During your consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon, you will be provided with information about all of the breast reconstruction options available to you to help you make an informed decision.

The breast reconstruction procedure is used to create a new breast, which has the ability to significantly improve your self-confidence, self-image, and your quality of life. There are several options offered for this type of procedure. According the ASPS (American Society of Plastic Surgeons), only half of the women who are diagnosed with breast cancer receive the information they need that will allow them to make an informed decision for themselves following their mastectomy. There have been many advances in the breast reconstruction field where a woman can receive a completely new breast using fat from certain areas of the body.

With many of the advancements in the science and art of breast restorative options available today, a woman can choose a procedure that is right for her and have a breast created from living tissue. Some procedures used to reconstruct a breast use techniques such as:

The plastic surgeon either using fatty tissue and skin in the abdomen to restore your breast
Option for the thin woman who only needs reconstruction on one of her breasts
Procedure that uses a woman’s superficial vessels from her abdominal fatty tissue to provide a source of blood flow to the breasts
Procedure for thin women or women that have insufficient tummy tissue that borrows tissue from the gluteal area
Procedure where fat is collected from the buttock and lower hip
Procedure where both breasts are reconstructed in one operation when there is insufficient tummy tissue
Although 65% of women opt for breast reconstruction following a mastectomy, this is not the only option available. There are women who opt for breast prosthesis following their cancer surgery; however, the high percentages that go with reconstruction breast surgery are largely due to the natural appearance they provide. This type of surgical procedure has made women feel comfortable when wearing a swimsuit, getting out of the shower, or even looking in the mirror. If you are interested in breast restorative surgery, contact a reputable plastic surgery center and set up a consultation.

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Cosmetic Surgery and Non-Surgical Procedures for Men

Aloysius Aucoin

Health Articles | June 26, 2012

Cosmetic surgery is becoming increasingly popular among men who want to find a way to look younger and more attractive.

Over the years, many millions of women have discovered the beneficial and beautifying results of working with a plastic surgeon. They have had everything from facelifts to breast augmentation all in the name of becoming more attractive. The results speak for themselves. In fact, it has reached such a point that it is fully acceptable in modern society for a person to go under the knife. There are no reasons to hide anymore, because the stigma is all but gone. This trend has led to another interesting development in cosmetic surgery. Men are beginning to seek out this treatment in greater numbers and now represent a stunning percentage of those seeking treatments like liposuction and rhinoplasty. Non-surgical treatments are also on the rise as the standard of beauty has begun to apply to males just as strongly as it does to females.

The most common procedures for men have to do with the face. Many of us spend our lives working outdoors and in the sun, and the damage is evident. We also frequently have trauma to the face from fighting and sports that can be corrected through cosmetic surgery. That is why many are seeking operations like rhinoplasty and facelifts. The first procedure, commonly called a nose job, can repair the damage done by a broken nose. It will make it straighter and more attractive while removing any lumps and malformations. The second treatment can reduce the signs of aging and smooth the skin across the forehead and around the eyes. Men also comprise an increasing percentage of the patients seeking liposuction. They are finding that the body contouring benefits of this procedure allow them to have sleeker more masculine physiques, even after their bodies have begun developing trouble areas and deposits of fat.

It is not just operations that men are looking for, however. They are going to cosmetic surgery clinics to have outpatient treatments as well. One of the most popular treatments among men is also the most popular aesthetic treatment in the world. Botox allows fine lines and wrinkles to be temporarily smoothed. Guys are also having dermabrasion and laser treatments to address the damage done by the sun and aging. They are beginning to care about their complexions and they want to look younger and healthier.

In addition to guys having the same sort of work as women, there are a number of treatments that apply just to them. Those looking to improve their physique without hours in the gym are discovering the benefits of pectoral and bicep implants. Just as women have breast implants , these go in beneath the skin and create the illusion of fuller and more masculine muscles of the arms and chest. They are also having hair transplants to combat balding and fill in their hairlines.

Cosmetic surgery has jumped its gender constraints and is now popular between both sexes. Some surgeons are even specializing in providing male focused procedures in an environment more conducive to masculinity.

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Eyelid Surgery

What Is eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty)?
An eyelid lift, or blepharoplasty, is a procedure to remove skin and to add or remove fat from the eyelids. The term “eyelid lift” is a misnomer because the eyelid is not truly lifted during surgery.

Upper blepharoplasty surgery uses incisions to allow for removal of skin and fat. A thin stitch is then used to bring the skin together to allow for a creation of an eyelid crease.

Lower eyelid surgery can involve skin incisions directly below the lash line or an incision on the inside of the eyelid, called a transconjunctival approach. The transconjunctival approach allows for access to the eyelid without visible incisions, making this technique perfect for patients who need fat removed or added. This approach can be combined with laser resurfacing of the eyelid skin to reduce lines and wrinkles.

Why is eyelid surgery performed?

Upper eyelid excess skin and fat can create a heavy looking eyelid, aged appearance, puffiness, and sometimes block the upper field of vision. Upper blepharoplasty is performed to remove excess skin and fat and can improve the field of vision.

Double eyelid surgery, also called Asian eyelid surgery, is performed to create or enhance an upper eyelid crease. This type of surgery is performed on Asian people to “westernize” the appearance of the eyelid.

Lower blepharoplasty can be performed to remove excess skin and improve the contour of the eyelid by adding or removing fat. Sometimes tightening the eyelid is needed to correct sagging, while laser skin resurfacing can be used to improve wrinkles and skin texture.

Most people return to normal activities after seven to 10 days following blepharoplasty. By two weeks after eyelid surgery, the majority of the bruising and swelling will resolve.

Schedule your consultation with Dr. Han today!

Eyelid Surgery (What Is Cosmetic Blepharoplasty?)

Droopy eyelids are a major reason why some people consider eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) to remove and tighten excess eyelid skin for a more alert, youthful appearance.

Sometimes blepharoplasty for senile ptosis can improve your vision by providing a less obstructed field of view, once droopy eyelid skin is removed your vision is improved particularly your perifial vision.

During the procedure Blepharoplasty the plastic surgeon can remove excess skin, muscle and sometimes fat from the upper or lower eyelids. In some cases, he might need to only remove skin and not muscle — or he might need to address both upper and lower eyelids.

An upper eyelid blepharoplasty (sometimes called an “eye lift”) should not be confused with senile ptosis then the upper eyelid surgery is a procedure used to raise the position of the upper eyelid margin by tightening the muscle and tendon that normally elevate it. Blepharoplasty surgery sometimes can elevate an upper eyelid margin slightly if the heaviness of the excessive skin actually is “weighing down” the upper eyelid. If this is causing it to droop the doctor may ask you to see your Ophthalmologist first to for an eye vision field test.

Cosmetic eyelid surgery is a surgical procedure that is not medically necessary and is performed solely to improve your appearance unless it is diagnosed that you have senile ptosis. If this is the case it becomes a medically necessary procedure.

During the aging process unfortunately, your upper and sometimes lower eyelids may become droopy or baggy. Your eyebrows also may sag or droop as a part of the same process requiring a different procedure.

The aging process results in eyelid skin stretching, muscles weakening and fat pockets developing. Many people don’t realize the bags are fat pockets that become more prominent as they bulge. The “bags” may be a hereditary condition that runs in your family.

Unfortunately such conditions may detract from the overall attractiveness of your eyes and face and cause a tired or older appearance. Cosmetically, this hereditary condition can be easily corrected.

For the best cosmetic result it is recommended that a board certified plastic surgeon should perform the cosmetic procedure blepharoplasty.

When Is Functional Blepharoplasty Needed?

Many insurance policies cover functional blepharoplasty (in contrast to a cosmetic blepharoplasty) is eyelid surgery performed for medical reasons.

In many cases, a functional eye lift is performed to remove loose skin from the upper eyelid if it droops low enough to impair your vision for driving or other visual tasks.

Drooping eyelids can create other functional problems such as difficulty wearing glasses or contact lenses, whether from baggy upper or lower eyelids.

Other medical conditions that may require functional eyelid surgery include:

  • Irritation from excess folds of eyelid skin rubbing together.
  • Forehead discomfort from overused muscles that strain to lift sagging skin in the eyelid area creating eyestrain

Ptosis and Eyelid Surgery

Understanding Ptosis (TOE-sis) the medical term for drooping of the upper eyelid — a condition that may affect one or both eyes. Ptosis sometimes develops but could be present since birth is called congenital ptosis. Droopy eyelids in general occur when the edge of the upper eyelid (eyelid margin) falls from its normal position.

When the edge of the eyelid falls too low and covers part of the pupil, it can block the upper part of your vision and can seriously affect your ability to see clearly. In most cases, a drooping upper eyelid results from aging.

During the aging process the tendon of the muscle responsible for lifting the eyelid stretches and the eyelid falls. Surgical correction of a drooping upper eyelid involves repairing the stretched tendon.

It is not uncommon for a person to develop a droopy upper eyelid following cataract surgery. The doctor performing the eye surgery may recommend to you to see a plastic surgeon because manipulation of the eyelid during a procedure can cause weakening of the muscle that holds the eye open. Stroke and trauma also can cause ptosis and require surgery.

Facelift – How Long Does It Last?

A facelift (Rhytidectomy) can turn back the clock and that is exciting however how long does it last and what affects the lasting results?

There are many contributing factors for a facelift to provide the patient a youthful rejuvenated look. If the patient was a heavy smoker, a serious sun worshipper, or morbidly obese it will affect the result of the facelift. These factors cause skin laxity issues that can contribute to results that don’t last as long as a person who starts with great skin before surgery.

The best results come from the quality of your skin before your facelift. Your plastic surgeon will definitely be able to evaluate the quality of your skin and give you an idea of your personal level of rejuvenation for the lasting results of your facelift.

It is not uncommon for people to have minor touch ups years after their initial facelift surgery. Sometimes very minimal maintenance can keep the face looking fresh and youthful. This may involve liposuction, Botox, and facial fillers. All of these procedures lend to keeping the patients look youthful, rested and often helping them to feel more sexy and confident.

You have probably seen people with obvious looking facelifts, ears that are no longer in a natural position, necks that seem unnatural, hollowed eyes, obvious scars or the pulled back look.

It is our goal to perform surgery that results in a natural more youthful healthy look. Many people are unhappy with their result after a facelift and seek a surgeon with the experience and skill to correct the issues they see.

Carefully selecting a plastic surgeon from the start to perform facial rejuvenation surgery is critical to a lasting result. The changes after surgery can be permanent and full correction can be difficult even with additional surgery.

Dr. Han is a board certified Plastic Surgeon. There are some doctors performing facelifts that are not. Dr. Han is a Top Doctor and has been performing this procedure for over 3 decades. The goal is for the patient’s happiness with a more youthful relaxed look with their rejuvenated new look.

Dr. Han will spend the time with you to determine the extent of your surgery and your desired results.

You will be photographed before and after surgery and he guarantees your privacy. There are patient approved photographs on this site from patients of Dr. Han’s that were delighted with the results they achieved.

A lasting facelift requires a good starting point and the awareness that this procedure is not one and done. It is a life time of care and occasional maintenance that will keep the clock turned back!

Please read the information on this website About the Doctor for more detailed information on Dr. Han’s education and experience.

Face Lift Advice You Can Trust

If you are between the age of 40 and 60 you may at some point consider getting a face lift. There are two types of face lifts, an original and a mini. If you are younger than the average person seeking a face lift a mini lift may do what you are looking for. You will need to find the right surgeon that you trust to perform the surgery.

It is no secret that when people start getting older the fine lines start to appear. Depending on your lifestyle, the lines may appear sooner due to sun exposure. Whatever the case those lines on your skin may begin to bother you. You may feel like they make you look older than you are and that they affect your job and social life because people no longer think of you as a young vibrant person. A face lift will not fix every issue but the surgeon you choose should recommend the proper surgery to enhance your look which often does enhance your outlook.

Methods of surgery in the plastic surgery field have changed, the new techniques are available that give a person the more natural look after surgery. You probably do not want everyone guessing that you have a new face! Part of having a natural look may have quite a bit to do with the surgeon you choose. Changes in surgical techniques over the years give surgeons better ways to perform this surgery.

There are two face lift options available today. There is the original and the mini. The original goes deeper in its work and fixes fat that lies below the skin as well as changes to the tissue that is laying below the surface of the skin. A mini handles problems in the neck cheeks and jowls to make a person have a younger appearance by tightening the area.

As you look into the mirror, you may realize what it is that is adding age to your appearance. It may be you will end up simply wanting a mini face lift. Whatever you decide with your surgeon should be based on your desired outcome and their best recommendation.

Dr Han takes time for consultation and makes certain that he understands what you want is achievable. He is an excellent surgeon and will make recommendations that are realistic.

Ideal Implants

Recently the FDA approved the IDEAL IMPLANT®! This is important because many women who are looking into breast augmentation do not know the benefit of the Silicone implant. Some remember there were issues with Silicone implants years ago, and need to be properly introduced to the new version which has been designed with safety of saline combined with many of benefits of silicone.

Dr. Han offers the option of the IDEAL IMPLANT® because it is Different!

The IDEAL IMPLANT® is filled with saline, but its innovative design eliminates some of the common downsides of traditional saline implants. The implant is comprised of a series of nested shells that create smoother, more natural movement that reduces the likelihood of visible rippling. Additionally, this revolutionary shell gives the implant a softer feel, similar to silicone implants.

Another advantage of the IDEAL IMPLANT® is that there’s no need for MRI scans as part of their long-term maintenance. The IDEAL IMPLANT® can be a wonderful breast augmentation option for women who want the look and feel of silicone implants but are more comfortable with the idea of saline.

Silicone is often the preferred choice!

Many women choose silicone over saline implants because the silicone implants look and feel more natural. The desire is to have fuller and more attractive breast. The shell of silicone implants feel similar to real breast and is less likely to produce visible rippling under the skin than saline implants.

Safety and Leak Detection

Even though they look and feel more natural, silicone implants carry the potential for a silent rupture, which is a leak that’s undetectable from visual observation. Women with silicone implants are encouraged to have regular MRI scans to check the integrity of their implants. Because the IDEAL IMPLANT® is filled with saline, any leak or rupture can easily be detected, as the breast will noticeably deflate.

Schedule your consultation with Dr. Han today!

Information for Patients Considering Breast Augmentation

American Society of Plastic Surgeons

If you’re considering breast augmentation…

Breast augmentation, technically known as augmentation mammoplasty, is a surgical procedure to enhance the size and shape of a woman’s breast for a number of reasons:

  • To enhance the body contour of a woman who, for personal reasons, feels her breast size is too small.
  • To correct a reduction in breast volume after pregnancy.
  • To balance a difference in breast size.
  • As a reconstructive technique following breast surgery.

By inserting an implant behind each breast, surgeons are able to increase a woman’s bustline by one or more bra cup sizes. If you’re considering breast augmentation, this will give you a basic understanding of the procedure–when it can help, how it’s performed, and what results you can expect.

It can’t answer all of your questions, since a lot depends on your individual circumstances. Please ask your surgeon if there is anything you don’t understand about the procedure.


Breast augmentation can enhance your appearance and your self-confidence, but it won’t necessarily change your looks to match your ideal, or cause other people to treat you differently. Before you decide to have surgery, think carefully about your expectations and discuss them with your surgeon.

The best candidates for breast augmentation are women who are looking for improvement, not perfection, in the way they look. If you’re physically healthy and realistic in your expectations, you may be a good candidate.


A breast implant is a silicone shell filled with either silicone gel or a salt-water solution known as saline.

Because of concerns that there is insufficient information demonstrating the safety of silicone gel-filled breast implants, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that new gel-filled implants, at the present time, should be available only to women participating in approved studies. Some women requiring replacement of the implants may also be eligible to participate in the study.

Saline-filled implants continue to be available to breast augmentation patients on an unrestricted basis, pending further FDA review. You should ask your doctor more about the specifics of the FDA decisions.


Breast augmentation is relatively straightforward. But as with any operation, there are risks associated with surgery and specific complications associated with this procedure.

The most common problem, capsular contracture, occurs if the scar or capsule around the implant begins to tighten. This squeezing of the soft implant can cause the breast to feel hard. Capsular contracture can be treated in several ways, and sometimes requires either removal or “scoring” of the scar tissue, or perhaps removal or replacement of the implant.

As with any surgical procedure, excessive bleeding following the operation may cause some swelling and pain. If excessive bleeding continues, another operation may be needed to control the bleeding and remove the accumulated blood.

A small percentage of women develop an infection around an implant. This may occur at any time, but is most often seen within a week after surgery. In some cases, the implant may need to be removed for several months until the infection clears. A new implant can then be inserted.

Some women report that their nipples become oversensitive, undersensitive, or even numb. You may also notice small patches of numbness near your incisions. These symptoms usually disappear within time, but may be permanent in some patients.

There is no evidence that breast implants will affect fertility, pregnancy, or your ability to nurse. If, however, you have nursed a baby within the year before augmentation, you may produce milk for a few days after surgery. This may cause some discomfort, but can be treated with medication prescribed by your doctor.

Occasionally, breast implants may break or leak. Rupture can occur as a result of injury or even from the normal compression and movement of your breast and implant, causing the man-made shell to leak. If a saline-filled implant breaks, the implant will deflate in a few hours and the salt water will be harmlessly absorbed by the body.

If a break occurs in a gel-filled implant, however, one of two things may occur. If the shell breaks but the scar capsule around the implant does not, you may not detect any change. If the scar also breaks or tears, especially following extreme pressure, silicone gel may move into surrounding tissue. The gel may collect in the breast and cause a new scar to form around it, or it may migrate to another area of the body. There may be a change in the shape or firmness of the breast. Both types of breaks may require a second operation and replacement of the leaking implant. In some cases, it may not be possible to remove all of the silicone gel in the breast tissue if a rupture should occur.

A few women with breast implants have reported symptoms similar to diseases of the immune system, such as scleroderma and other arthritis-like conditions. These symptoms may include joint pain or swelling, fever, fatigue, or breast pain. Research has found no clear link between silicone breast implants and the symptoms of what doctors refer to as “connective-tissue disorders,” but the FDA has requested further study.

While there is no evidence that breast implants cause breast cancer, they may change the way mammography is done to detect cancer. When you request a routine mammogram, be sure to go to a radiology center where technicians are experienced in the special techniques required to get a reliable x-ray of a breast with an implant. Additional views will be required. Ultrasound examinations may be of benefit in some women with implants to detect breast lumps or to evaluate the implant.

While the majority of women do not experience these complications, you should discuss each of them with your physician to make sure you understand the risks and consequences of breast augmentation.


In your initial consultation, your surgeon will evaluate your health and explain which surgical techniques are most appropriate for you, based on the condition of your breasts and skin tone. If your breasts are sagging, your doctor may also recommend a breast lift.

Be sure to discuss your expectations frankly with your surgeon. He or she should be equally frank with you, describing your alternatives and the risks and limitations of each. You may want to ask your surgeon for a copy of the manufacturer’s insert that comes with the implant he or she will use — just so you are fully informed about it. And, be sure to tell your surgeon if you smoke, and if you’re taking any medications, vitamins, or other drugs.

Your surgeon should also explain the type of anesthesia to be used, the type of facility where the surgery will be performed, and the costs involved. Because most insurance companies do not consider breast augmentation to be medically necessary, carriers generally do not cover the cost of this procedure.


Your surgeon will give you instructions to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, and taking or avoiding certain vitamins and medications.

While making preparations, be sure to arrange for someone to drive you home after your surgery and to help you out for a few days, if needed.


Your surgeon may prefer to perform the operation in an office facility, a freestanding surgery center, or a hospital outpatient facility. Occasionally, the surgery may be done as an inpatient in a hospital, in which case you can plan on staying for a day or two.


Breast augmentation can be performed with a general anesthesia, so you’ll sleep through the entire operation. Some surgeons may use a local anesthesia, combined with a sedative to make you drowsy, so you’ll be relaxed but awake, and may feel some discomfort.


The method of inserting and positioning your implant will depend on your anatomy and your surgeon’s recommendation. The incision can be made either in the crease where the breast meets the chest, around the areola (the dark skin surrounding the nipple), or in the armpit. Every effort will be made to assure that the incision is placed so resulting scars will be as inconspicuous as possible.

Working through the incision, the surgeon will lift your breast tissue and skin to create a pocket, either directly behind the breast tissue or underneath your chest wall muscle (the pectoral muscle). The implants are then centered beneath your nipples.

Some surgeons believe that putting the implants behind your chest muscle may reduce the potential for capsular contracture. Drainage tubes may be used for several days following the surgery. This placement may also interfere less with breast examination by mammogram than if the implant is placed directly behind the breast tissue. Placement behind the muscle however, may be more painful for a few days after surgery than placement directly under the breast tissue.

You’ll want to discuss the pros and cons of these alternatives with your doctor before surgery to make sure you fully understand the implications of the procedure he or she recommends for you.

The surgery usually takes one to two hours to complete. Stitches are used to close the incisions, which may also be taped for greater support. A gauze bandage may be applied over your breasts to help with healing.


You’re likely to feel tired and sore for a few days following your surgery, but you’ll be up and around in 24 to 48 hours. Most of your discomfort can be controlled by medication prescribed by your doctor.

Within several days, the gauze dressings, if you have them, will be removed, and you may be given a surgical bra. You should wear it as directed by your surgeon. You may also experience a burning sensation in your nipples for about two weeks, but this will subside as bruising fades.

Your stitches will come out in a week to 10 days, but the swelling in your breasts may take three to five weeks to disappear.


You should be able to return to work within a few days, depending on the level of activity required for your job.

Follow your surgeon’s advice on when to begin exercises and normal activities. Your breasts will probably be sensitive to direct stimulation for two to three weeks, so you should avoid much physical contact. After that, breast contact is fine once your breasts are no longer sore, usually three to four weeks after surgery.

Your scars will be firm and pink for at least six weeks. Then they may remain the same size for several months, or even appear to widen. After several months, your scars will begin to fade, although they will never disappear completely.

Routine mammograms should be continued after breast augmentation for women who are in the appropriate age group, although the mammographic technician should use a special technique to assure that you get a reliable reading, as discussed earlier. (see All surgery carries some uncertainty and risk.)


For many women, the result of breast augmentation can be satisfying, even exhilarating, as they learn to appreciate their fuller appearance.

Regular examination by your plastic surgeon and routine mammograms for those in the appropriate age groups at prescribed intervals will help assure that any complications, if they occur, can be detected early and treated.

Your decision to have breast augmentation is a highly personal one that not everyone will understand. The important thing is how you feel about it. If you’ve met your goals, then your surgery is a success.

Liposuction – What is it?

Liposuction permanently removes fat cells, altering the shape of the body.

The amount of fat that can be safely removed is limited.

Patients who undergo liposuction generally have a stable body weight, but would like to remove undesirable deposits of body fat in specific parts of the body.

Liposuction is not an overall weight-loss method – it is not a treatment for obesity.

Liposuction does not remove cellulite, dimples, or stretch marks. The aim is aesthetic – the patient wishes to change and enhance the contour of their body.

Liposuction has a number of possible risks, including infection, numbness, and scarring. If too much fat is removed, there may be lumpiness or dents in the skin. Experts say that the surgical risks are linked to the amount of fat removed.

If the patient does not lead a healthy lifestyle after the operation, there is a risk that the remaining fat cells will grow bigger.

What are the uses of liposuction?

Liposuction is mainly used to improve how a person looks, rather than providing any physical health benefits. In some cases, the patient would probably achieve the same, sometimes even better, results if they adopted a healthy lifestyle – balanced diet, regular exercise, and a healthy sleep schedule.

Experts say that liposuction should ideally only be used if the individual did not achieve the desired results with a lifestyle change. For example, if some obstinate areas of fat are resistant to exercise and diet.

When an individual gains weight, each fat cell increases in size and volume. Liposuction reduces the number of fat cells in isolated areas.

Patients should discuss the pros and cons of liposuction with their doctor before deciding on whether to proceed. Liposuction should only be carried out after a lot of thought. Results are never dramatic; they are subtle. The following body areas are commonly targeted for liposuction treatment:

  • Abdomen
  • Back
  • Buttocks
  • Chest
  • Inner knees
  • Hips
  • Flanks (love handles)
  • Neckline and the area under the chin (submental)
  • Thighs – saddlebags (outer thighs), and inner thighs
  • Upper arms

The best liposuction candidates are those who have good skin tone and elasticity, where the skin molds into new contours. People whose skin lacks elasticity may end up with loose-looking skin in areas where the procedure was done. These patients may need to have additional skin tightening procedure.

The patient needs to be in good health – people with circulation (blood flow) problems, such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, as well as those with weakened immune systems should not undergo liposuction. Candidates should be over the age of 18 years.

Liposuction is sometimes used to treat certain conditions, including:

  • Lymph edema – a chronic (long-term) condition in which excess lymph (fluid) collects in tissues, causing edema (swelling). The edema commonly occurs in the arms or legs. Liposuction is sometimes used to reduce, discomfort, and pain.
  • Gynecomastia – sometimes fat accumulates under a man’s breasts.
  • Lip dystrophy syndrome – fat accumulates in one part of the body and is lost in another. Liposuction can improve the patient’s appearance by providing a more natural looking body fat distribution.
  • Extreme weight loss after obesity – if a morbidly obese person has lost at least 40 percent of their BMI, excess skin and other abnormalities may need treatment.
  • Lipomas – benign fatty tumors.

Liposuction is a wonderful procedure that will enhance the result of plastic surgery when needed.

Call our office today for a consultation. Dr. Han is a board certified plastic surgeon with many years of experience in surgeries that include liposuction. Dr. Han will be available and will make recommendations if Liposuction is right for you.

Liposuction Vs. Fat Removal

Technique: Traditional liposuction uses a cannula and physical manipulation to suction fat from beneath the skin. Liposuction is surgery and does remove fat cells. Liposuction is usually done in one session, and fat is always removed. Liposuction is surgery, and does have some risks. The upside is you and your doctor determine exactly what area will be targeted and the doctor outlines the area. Once the doctor suctions the area those fat cells are gone forever. Tumescent liposuction with tiny cannulas has a very long record of safety and effectiveness, and it is what most board certified plastic surgeons use.

Technique: SmartLipo utilizes laser heat to soften or liquefy the fat, making it easier to remove with the cannula, typically resulting in less bruising for the patient. Smart Lipo is surgery.

In my extensive experience with SmartLipo, I have found it to be very effective in treating some areas, including the abdomen and inner/outer thighs. As to the result which could be expected in your particular case, an in person consultation would be the best way to evaluate how effective SmartLipo can be for you.

The only disadvantage to SmartLipo this revolutionary fat reduction procedure is that it generally targets smaller areas than traditional liposuction. However, most patients usually opt for traditional liposuction for the fastest most immediate results and larger areas can be treated.

Technique: Cool Sculpting is not surgery and does not actually remove fat cells. Cool Sculpting may take several sessions, and not everyone gets good results. Cryolipolysis is the science on which the procedure is based. This procedure freezes and eliminates fat. The procedure safely delivers precisely controlled cooling to target the fat cells underneath the skin. The treated fat cells are crystallized (frozen) then die. Over time your body naturally processes the fat and eliminates the dead cells.

That no matter which method you ultimately choose, you discuss it and have it performed by a Board Certified Surgeon in Plastic Surgery.

We suggest contacting Dr. Han. He is a board certified plastic surgeon and will discuss all your concerns.

Neck Lift Surgery

A neck lift is a procedure that many middle aged or elderly individuals dream about. The neck is often one of the first things to go and is a telltale sign of aging. There is even been a book written about it by the author Nora Ephron called “I Feel Bad about My Neck.” Individual have tried a multitude of cures including hiding the turkey waddle, creams, and various plastic surgical interventions Daydreaming about a taut and youthful swan like neck? Here are some things to think about regarding the options:

  • Hide it: individual have been trying to hide this physical flaw for eons. Silk scarves turtle necks. Ascots, cowls – you name it and it’s been tried by fashionistas and those afraid of scalpels. Does it work? It’s better than nothing and certainly doesn’t break the bank
  • Creams: Slathering on pricey creams may allow for some improvement. The option skin creams and lotions range from a nightly smearing of Vaseline to think concoctions that might as well be gold due to their price tag. Mixed results may occur with the expensive and inexpensive options. Again, it id better than nothing.
  • Botox: Injections of Botox have been tried by many; Shots of the wrinkle relaxer are placed in the region of the muscles near the vertical bands below the chin this will cause the bands to temporarily relax into a smoother look. Botox has been around for many years and had been deemed helpful for acne, muscle tics, crow’s-feet, and laugh lines and prostate trouble overactive bladder and much more, Add the reduction of turkey waddles to the every growing list.
  • Liposuction: Liposuction is a method of suctioning fatty deposits away with the medical magic wand called a cannula and the lipo vacuuming tool to perform this version of the facial lipo a cosmetic surgeon will make an incision below the chin and remove access fat. This can create a more streamlined look depending of the individuals’ sagging issues. A nip and a tuck may be needed additionally.
  • Neck lift or cervicoplasty: this is the cosmetic operation performed by a plastic surgeon. It may be done separately or in combination with a facelift. An incision made below the chin and near the ears. Excess muscle and fat in the region will be removed or tightened up accordingly. It will then be pulled tightly and stitched with sutures. The operation is performed in the hospital or clinical setting under general anesthesia. Drains will be placed in order to reduce swelling and the accumulation of fluid. A compression bandage will be wrapped around the area and will need to be worn for several weeks. In order to aid in healing. The patient should expect bruising, some swelling and pain initially.

Dreaming of a neck lift or some sort of cure for a saggy turkey waddle? Consulting with a plastic surgeon will give details on which surgical procedure could work for each individual.

Opting for Breast Augmentation

As the name implies breast surgery is a type of surgical procedure that is done to the breast. Here is why a woman may want to have augmentation.There are a variety of procedures performed by plastic surgeons to improve the look of the breast such as augmentation (breast implants), a lift and reconstruction.

Augmentation is a kind of surgery where implants are placed inside to make the breast look larger. Many women with a smaller bust seek out this type of procedure in order to have firmer and more voluptuous looking breast. This is one common reason given for wanting to have surgery of this type.

Some women have difficulty fitting into certain types of clothing because of their bra size and still others feel self-conscious or downright embarrassed at the site of their small bosom when they wear tight or revealing clothing such as tank tops summer dresses or swim wear. These are also valid reasons for wanted to have this operation

One person’s motivation for wanting to have augmentation may be different from another’s. Some women have one reason while others may have a combination of reasons. Let us consider some of the factors that go into the decision to say yes to implants.

The number one reason given by women for wanting this breast surgery is to transform small flat breast into larger more womanly looking bosom. Size is not the only thing that you need to consider. Some women do not like the shape of their breast. If you long for fuller and rounder breast then implants can make this a reality for you.

If they are asymmetrical or lopsided then that is another reason this has been theorized that both breast on a woman are not the exact same anatomical size but for most females the difference is hardly noticeable. However if your do have a definite difference to them that is obvious to you then breast surgery can correct this problem. The same can be said of congenital deformities.

The post pregnancy bosom can look dramatically different than the pre-pregnancy one. If your chest no longer looks the way you want it to then consider having what plastic surgeons refer to as a “mommy makeover.” A mommy makeover is combination of cosmetic procedures that can help to counteract the distressing physical effects of both being pregnant as well as giving birth. Such a makeover includes augmentation and a lift but can include work in other areas of the body ravage by pregnancy. A mommy makeover can include a tummy tuck, liposuction and or a buttock lift.

It is not uncommon for a female patient to be given implants at the same time as she is undergoing reconstruction following surgery for cancer. The reconstruction process can take place in one of two ways, either implant can be placed in the chest or else a woman’s own fat tissue can be excised from her abdomen and used to fill them.

Otoplasty – Is It A Good Idea?

Otoplasty refers to the surgical reshaping of the pinna or outer ear. The aim may be to correct a deformity or to improve appearance.

Reconstructive surgery involves building up the outer ear after an accident or because of a congenital deformity. Pinning back the ears so that they look better, however, is a cosmetic procedure.

Some people feel that their ears are too prominent and this can cause embarrassment and psychological distress.

Being teased or bullied because of “sticking-out ears” can affect a child’s self-confidence, their emotional well-being, and their behavior.

Even adults with protruding ears can feel embarrassed to the point where it affects their everyday lives. They may not want to wear a helmet or other headgear, and they may be distracted by or concerned about their appearance.

Surgery can remodel the cartilage to create the missing folds and position the ear closer to the head.

There are three main types of otoplasty:

Ear augmentation is needed if the pinna is underdeveloped or non-existent, known as microtia.

Otopexy, an ear pinback, “flattens” protruding ears.

Ear reduction can reduce the pinna when it is too big. When the ears are too large, this is called macrotia.

A plastic surgeon will normally carry out an otoplasty. Sometimes an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeon or a pediatric surgeon will do it.

The patient will need bandages over their ears for several days after surgery. While the bandages are in place, they will not be able to wash their hair.

After removing the bandages, a loose but supportive headband is worn over the ears at night.

This will help remove tension from the ears. The headband should be worn loose to prevent the ears from being pulled forward if the patient moves while sleeping.

The individual can return to school or work within a week of surgery. Regular activity and exercise can restart within 2 weeks.

Patients should avoid activities that could cause trauma or injury to the ears during the recovery period. Physical contact sports, such as judo, rugby, or football should be avoided for at least 3 months. Swimming should be avoided for up to 8 weeks after surgery.

Post-surgical numbness may continue for several weeks, and mild bruising may be present for up to 2 weeks. The ears may feel stiff for several months. Soreness, particularly at night, can last for a few months.

It is important to have realistic expectations about what can be achieved through plastic surgery, whether reconstructive or cosmetic.

Otoplasty can change the appearance of ears, making them less prominent or smaller, but perfect symmetry is not always possible.

Plastic Surgery Can Be Achieved Without Health Risks

Darell Belen
Health Articles | March 1, 2013

Plastic surgery is considered to be very painful by some people but by getting the services of highly experienced and skilled plastic/cosmetic surgeons you can enjoy with best looking personality. Plastic surgery has now become very viable and suitable solution for those who want improvement their overall outlook.

People are afraid that, if they attempt to undergo any form of plastic surgery, they would be risking their health. However, that is not entirely true. These are just mostly conjectures and opinions. Plastic surgery is considered to be highly safe for your health without any bad impacts at all. Cosmetic surgeons are determined to be highly experienced professionals who make sure the safety and comfort when undergoing the surgical procedures. You can get the benefits of cosmetic surgery with the correction of all types of problems associated with your body including all birth abnormalities, accidental injuries and all types of birth defects. With cosmetic surgery, you can be sure that you will be able to boost your confidence, once those imperfections that are troubling you, are fixed.

Since pain is normally associated with any type of cosmetic surgery, it is best left in the hands of the experts, and with the administration of anesthesia. You must ensure that your plastic surgery is conducted by an experienced surgeon who will manage to overcome all types of pain, but this surgery is always associated with some amount of risk. Taking risks with an inexperienced cosmetic surgeon is tantamount to gambling your health and your life away, so you should be careful about choosing your surgeon. You will feel more confident going into the whole cosmetic process knowing that it is going to be left in the hands of a surgeon who is highly capable, experienced, and who is concerned about you as his patient.

With plastic surgery, all those flab on your belly, hips, thighs, and back can be disposed off effectively. The excess fat can be taken care of with liposuction surgery. In addition, the patients would be encouraged to sustain this treatment by eating right and exercising regularly. Your facial fat could be taken care of through freezing the tissues on the skin. This can be accomplished through the use of botox injections. You wouldn’t have to worry about side effects in this manner.

You must take the services of skilled cosmetic surgeons if you want the scars should be less visible but you must expect some minimum scars after the conduct of surgical procedures. If you are afraid that this would strain your finances because these types of surgery are expensive, then do not fear. Recently, they have become quite affordable. Doctors now offer a number of payment options you can choose from at your convenience. You can even pay the cosmetic surgery fee in increments should you want to. Just make sure you get into an agreement with the surgeon. These options will ensure that you get the results you desire without having to go through a lot of trouble or jumping through hoops.

A plastic surgeon’s experience and track record are good indicators of how good he will be once he performs the procedure on you. Talk to the doctor’s past patients to ask all the questions you want to ask. You can also glean a lot of information about them if you visit their websites. It is on their website where you will get an idea as to what services they offer and what payment options and modes they accept. If they have insurance facilities, you can find out about that in their website too. Most of the surgeons offer you with free consultation and they also provide you with necessary guidelines when you undergo to these surgical procedures.

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The Top 3 Ways a Breast Augmentation Will Impact Your Life

The purpose of this article is to discuss the impact of breast augmentation. Specifically, the benefits of breast augmentation will be elaborated on.

Did you know that a can change your life in multiple ways? Besides the obvious change to your body, breast enlargement can do wonders for those individuals who elect to have this procedure in an effort to improve their quality of life. This is particularly relevant with respect to impacting the way you feel about yourself as well as how well you are received among those around you and whom interact with you. The results of which can translate to more fulfilled life, affording you the necessary esteem to live your life in a more proactive and purposeful way. It is the intention of this article to discuss the top 3 ways a breast augmentation will impact your life.

The first and perhaps most obvious way a breast augmentation will impact your life is through an enhancement to your physical appearance. While you may expect to see larger breasts after having a breast enlargement procedure, what they don’t realize is that your body may change in other ways as well. For example, depending on your size and situation, you may find that your stomach and arms appear smaller as a result of shifting weight proportions; the results of which are likely to be favorable. Another way a breast augmentation will impact your life is through an increase in your self confidence. It is no secret that everyone, or at the very least most of us, link the way we look to how we feel about ourselves. As a result of such, if we were to change that which we don’t like about our appearance, then it is highly likely that this will positively impact our overall feeling of confidence in our appearance. The third way a breast augmentation will impact your life is through enhancing your outlook on life. Specifically, you are more likely to become positive about yourself as well as your world view, according to scientific research obtained through following the lives of patients who have undergone plastic surgery . As a result of such, not only will you begin to look at things from a more optimistic perspective, but this will translate to others viewing you in a more positive manner and thus treating as such.

Regardless of whether or not you actually thought about the extent of the impact of a breast augmentation will have on you, it is important that you know that this procedure can and will impact your life far beyond the physical changes you will experience. Specifically, you are likely to be impacted in 3 ways, which include an enhanced physical appearance, an increase in your self confidence and an enhanced outlook on life. The results of which will not improve your quality of life through your action , but also will impact the way others will view and treat you because of your new found optimistic view.

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The “Mini” Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty)

Many people spend a lot of time and money exercising, eating right, and generally going to all of the necessary steps to get a firmer flatter tummy. Flat tight abs is very much in vogue now more than ever. A mini tummy tuck is a procedure for when there is only a need for minor refinement and rectification. This procedure is less invasive and is called a mini tummy tuck because it is capable of achieving fine refinements with only a small incision and minimal scarring. It is far less severe than a full tummy tuck. That being said there are still concerns to be aware of and the use of anesthesia is required for this procedure.

A mini-tummy tuck is ideally performed on patients with only a limited amount of stretch marks or loose skin in the lower abdomen. These patients may not require the tightening of abdominal muscles that comes standard with a traditional abdominoplasty, though the procedure may include it. If a patient has excessive fat with limited or minimal looseness, however, if there is fat the operation may be performed in conjunction with liposuction.

The best candidates for the procedure are those who are not planning on becoming pregnant, as a pregnancy may require the need for a revision procedure. In some cases, the treatment actually helps to rid the abdomen of stretch marks as it removes the majority of the stretched skin below the navel area.

The difference in a full tummy tuck operation the surgeon in that procedure makes an incision starting at one hip and crossing to the other. The scar is one which can generally be hidden quite easily by clothing. The surgeon will lift the loose skin from the abdominal wall and at this point the rectus muscles are repaired and tightened. This process has a similar effect to that of an old-fashioned support garment.

Next, the belly button is detached from the abdomen. The loose skin is removed; buttocks and thighs are tightened along with the abdominal wall, after which the belly button is reattached. Drains are used on both sides of the incision in order to eliminate any excess fluids.

The mini-tuck is quite similar, though the incision is smaller and typically only measures the width of the pubic area. In most cases the incision will be the width of a cesarean section. This incision is used to gain access to the muscles of the abdomen in order to bring them down and tighten and smooth them. Liposuction can be used with both procedures for patients who flanks and hips show excessive amounts of fat. In these cases, liposuction is a means to help contour the body parts. After connecting the two portions of the stomach sutures are placed temporarily to aid in the healing process.

These stitches are removed approximately a week after the surgery and this is often when people choose to return to work and may safely resume their normal activities. A noted benefit of the location of the suture is that it is often low enough to be easily obscured by even a bathing suit. This means no evidence that surgical intervention ever took place.

Often because of the outpatient nature of a mini tummy tuck people will be able to leave that day as long as they have someone to take care of them for the first couple of days. While the area is more amicable to healing than other surgery sites it still requires 24-48 hours of downtime to allow the wound to begin to heal. The doctor will want to see you I a few days to ensure that healing is moving along correctly but once it is completed the results will often last for a very long time. This procedure will have a desired result and has the benefit of the shorter downtime and minimal scarring.

Thinking About Breast Augmentation

Most small to medium breasted women have, at one time or another, considered breast augmentation. It takes years for a woman to determine that larger breasts will make her feel better about her body and to go through the process of figuring out the size that is right for her. Breast augmentation isn’t about the cup size of the bra she ends up with, but the volume of the implant and the skin that are manipulated to help the breasts look their best.

All women spend time thinking about their breast size. Those women who grew up dissatisfied with their cup size have spent some time considering the benefit of breast augmentation. They spend years thinking about the size, appearance, and the age they should complete the surgery, and who will be the best surgeon for them. For a period of time they search online, talk to their peers who have completed the surgery and visit several doctors’ offices, but it will always be up to them in the end if they still want the long-term enhancements in their chest, and whether they will be comfortable with them for the decades to come.

When a woman decides that she wants to follow through with breast augmentation, she usually thinks about the size first. Some of the best ways to determine the size of implants that a patient will use is to first discover the size of breasts that she would like to end up with. Once the bra size is determined, the doctor will be able to assess a balance between the natural breast tissue and the volume of saline or gel that will be needed in order to achieve the desired outcome.

If you are thinking about enhancements, here are some steps that you can take to make a more informed decision:

First, start your research by perusing the countless topless pictures on websites and in various picture sources in order to show your doctor the look you are going for. The doctor may also have enhancement software in their office what will allow you to take a look at yourself in a computerized image of how your chest will change. Also, you can test out the change that your desired bra size will bring by using padded bras, or actually go shopping for the bra you want and place a sandwich bag of cotton balls or a small folded T-shirt inside to fill the space and see how you feel, look and are being looked at.

Finally, an evaluation of the cleavage in the pictures you like, the computerized enhancement and how you look in the new bras are important to the overall shape that the implant placements will provide for you. You should spend some time evaluating how those different searches and experiments worked in complimenting your body frame. Then answer the questions: does the size you want look as good on you as you hoped , and are you ready for the adjustment? Breast augmentation shouldn’t be taken lightly. No patient who has spent years toiling over the decision should have to wade through any mistakes or regret.

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Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty) for Women or Men?

Are you thinking about getting a tummy tuck (abdominoplasty)? Are you hesitant to have the procedure done because you don’t really understand the procedure?

This procedure is considered a major surgery. You need to visit with a board certified plastic surgeon. Your fears are valid. A board certified plastic surgeon can guide you through the process even putting you in touch with other patients or photos of patients that he has performed this surgery. Dr. Han can give you general guide as to what you need to do to prepare for surgery, the after surgery process and advice and expectations for the best recovery.

Do as much due diligence as you possibly can, researching the procedure and engaging in discussion with Dr. Han your plastic surgeon. Your consultation should give you the confidence that your questions have been adequately answered to calm your fears and concerns.

The exciting reality is that you don’t have to live life with a baby roll or sagging skin due to weight loss. Don’t allow fear to keep you from doing something that you really want and will help restore your tummy to the best appearance possible. You will have a new sense of self confidence in your appearance.

The first common myth about tummy tuck procedures that you should ignore is that they are only designed for women. While it is true that women are primarily the recipients of abdominoplasty, men too can benefit with the results of a tummy tuck. A tummy tuck is designed to eliminate excess skin on the abdomen, which both genders can experience.

Another common myth about tummy tuck procedures is that they are designed as an alternative for weight loss. As previously mentioned, the primary purpose of abdominoplasty is to remove excess skin. Anyone who has lost weight already, either a significant or small amount, and would like to have excess skin removed is a good candidate for this surgery. The best way to determine if you are an ideal candidate for a tummy tuck is to schedule a consultation with Dr. Han. If removing fat is necessary you may have liposuction in conjunction with your tummy tuck.

Another myth about the tummy tuck procedure is that all plastic surgeons can perform the surgery. Not all plastic surgeons are created equal. As a result of such, patients should be careful to investigate whether or not a potential surgeon is indeed credentialed, that is accredited and/or certified, to perform an abdominoplasty.

Making the decision to go under the knife for a cosmetic procedure should not be taken lightly. In order to make the best decision possible you should do your own research in finding out as much as possible about the tummy tuck procedure. Doing so will enable you to decipher myths from facts. Specifically, there are three common myths about tummy tuck procedures that you should ignore, they include; they are only designed for women , they are designed as an alternative for weight loss and all plastic surgeons can perform the surgery.

Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty)

This cosmetic surgical procedure flattens and abdominal area by removing extra skin and fat. The procedure will tighten abdominal muscles and smooth and firm the abdomen.

The tummy tuck procedure is typically associated with women however it is also preformed on men. The procedure eliminates fat, bulges and sagging skin for both sexes. Excess skin or flab in the abdomen that has not gone away with exercise or diet alone will be eliminated with this surgery. The decision for a tummy tuck or a mini tummy tuck is usually determined by the doctor. Women generally like these procedures because it eliminates the “Pouch” in the stomach area which can be caused by a weight loss, aging, loose tissue after pregnancy, and even prior surgeries.

The tummy tuck procedure is considered safe and effective and can make a dramatic change in your appearance. If you are thinking of this surgery it is ideal if you are in good general health and are close to your ideal weight. This surgery is not for everyone however if you maintain a healthy lifestyle with a proper diet and exercise the results can last the rest of your life.

It is important to recognize that a tummy tuck is not a weight loss solution. You could lose a few pounds when the procedure is performed depending on the amount of excess skin is removed. In some cases the procedure may require liposuction.

Most physicians want patients to be within their normal weight range before performing the surgery. The patient must be in good health it is important to be evaluated prior to this surgery. Conditions that particularly concern doctors are diabetes and heart disease. Your primary care doctor would need to clear you for surgery.

Most surgeons require you to quit smoking at least 4 weeks prior to surgery. Your plastic surgeon will evaluate your health and the likelihood for you to move forward with this procedure.

Tummy tuck or abdominoplasty is a procedure that will produce a permanent result as long as you maintain a healthy life style and don’t gain a significant amount of weight after the procedure. There can be a significant amount of recovery time. This is not a weekend procedure. The surgery itself can take two or more hours to complete. Your tummy tuck may not be done as an outpatient procedure. You could be expected to stay in the hospital overnight while doctors and nurses look after your well-being and make sure that no complications arise

When you go home, you’ll be expected to follow your doctor’s directives. The first week there will be considerable pain and soreness. This surgery takes time to heal and your range of activities will be limited for the few weeks. You will need to have someone to assist you. Your complete recovery will take time. It is difficult to determine a set recovery time but you are expected to be mostly recovered in 6 weeks. The most difficult part of this procedure is waiting to heal. This isn’t a surgery to have if you don’t have someone that can help you. This is not a recovery you can rush because you will need to take particular care with any activity that requires the use of your abdominal muscles. Your doctor will advise you as to when you will be able to return to your normal activities.

Stay in contact with your surgeon and make sure everything is moving along at a nice pace.

Understanding the Process of Breast Implants

Montans Meka
Health Articles | February 9, 2012

Are you upset with the size and shape of your breasts? Breast implants are the best option that offers a permanent solution. However, before you go and jump on the operating table, it is important that you understand what a breast implant is and how it goes about.

What are breast implants?

Breast implant is a medical procedure that requires surgery to fix or correct the size and form of the human breast. Both the male and female gender undergoes breast implants. For the women, it could either be for beauty enhancement or a medical reason like augmentation after mastectomy. The male gender who undergoes breast implants is mainly the trans-gender type who wants to have a female breast form.

Where breast implants all started?

Studies of how to correct the form and size of the breasts is not new but extensive research of breast enhancement intensified in the nineteenth century. However, it was not until 1962 that the first truly successful breast implant was performed. As technology continued to take leaps and bounds so did the development of breast implants until it became what it is today, a truly safe and effective method of making the breasts look better than it was before. Of course it is worthy to note that the success of the procedure highly depends on the medical practitioner who will perform the surgery. Therefore it is very important that a breast implant should be performed only by a licensed, medical specialist and no other.

Materials and procedures

The most popular devices used for breast enhancement today are either a sterile, saline solution or a gelatinous silicone implant. Furthermore, the reasons why these breast enhancement devices are implanted have been classified as:

  1. A primary reconstruction method – this is to replace tissue damage caused by trauma, disease, or breast deformity.
  2. A revision or reconstruction procedure – this is to correct a previous surgery that may have not gone well.
  3. A primary enhancement or augmentation process – this is to generally change the size and form of the breasts.

Breast implants help

It is a fact that a person’s self esteem is highly affected by how important the shape and size of the breast is perceived to be. The self esteem has an even deeper psychological impact on women who has undergone surgical breast removal or mastectomy. Thanks to the continued research and development of breast implants , the procedure is now safe and really effective and it has undoubtedly helped a lot of women gain confidence and happy with their looks.

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